Opcode messages

Tray icons can send "opcodes" to the system tray. These are X client messages, sent with NoEventMask, a message_type of _NET_SYSTEM_TRAY_OPCODE, and format 32. The first data field in the message is a timestamp (the stamp of the current event, if available, otherwise CurrentTime). The second data field is an integer indicating the op code of the message:


The content remaining three data fields depends on the type of message being sent. If they are unused by a particular message, they should always be set to 0.

Here is an example of how to send a client message:

#include <X11/Xlib.h>

void send_message(
     Display* dpy, /* display */
     Window w,     /* sender (tray icon window) */
     long message, /* message opcode */
     long data1    /* message data 1 */
     long data2    /* message data 2 */
     long data3    /* message data 3 */
    XEvent ev;
    memset(&ev, 0, sizeof(ev));
    ev.xclient.type = ClientMessage;
    ev.xclient.window = w;
    ev.xclient.message_type = XInternAtom (dpy, "_NET_SYSTEM_TRAY_OPCODE", False );
    ev.xclient.format = 32;
    ev.xclient.data.l[0] = x_time;
    ev.xclient.data.l[1] = message;
    ev.xclient.data.l[2] = data1;
    ev.xclient.data.l[3] = data2;
    ev.xclient.data.l[4] = data3;

    XSendEvent(dpy, w, False, NoEventMask, &ev);
    XSync(dpy, False);
    if (untrap_errors()) {
	/* Handle failure */